Heroin addiction is a major problem around the world, with a severe and potentially dangerous physical withdrawal syndrome experienced upon cessation of use. Heroin addiction detox is available at drug treatment clinics across America, with medication treatment and therapy available to patients in a safe and secure medical environment.
To learn how you can find the right treatment center for your substance abuse problem, call Alcohol Treatment Centers Fort Wayne at (260) 247-3906.
Heroin is closely related to morphine, which is found naturally in the opium poppy. Originally synthesized in 1874 by English chemist C.R. Alder Wright, it was initially forgotten before being re-synthesized 23 years later by German chemist Felix Hoffmann. It is prescribed as an analgesic drug in some countries, where it is taken legally to treat acute and chronic pain associated with surgery and terminal illnesses.
Despite its medical uses, however, this opioid is controlled under Schedules I and IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, making it illegal to manufacture, possess or sell without a license. This substance is taken regularly as an illicit recreational drug, with users reporting feelings of transcendent euphoria and experiencing an intense rush when the drug is injected intravenously.
Heroin is an incredibly addictive substance, with most of the negative consequences of this opioid use directly related to its addictive nature. Like most opioids, pure heroin does not cause many negative physical effects, with long-term complications arising from issues associated with overdose, dependence and intravenous administration.
Opioid addiction affects millions of people in America, many of who are unable to break the bonds of dependence without the help of a specialized treatment center. Drug rehab facilities help patients manage withdrawal symptoms through detox programs, while also giving them the skills and support they need for a full recovery.
The physical signs of Opioid use may be noticed by friends, family or co-workers, with visible signs including dry mouth, shortness of breath, small pupils, disorientation, sudden changes in behavior, nodding off, hyper alertness, and droopy appearance. While these signs are not unique to opioid use, loved ones may notice a pattern over time that confirms their suspicions.
More definitive signs of opioid use are related to the possession of drug paraphernalia, such as syringes, burned silver spoons and small plastic bags containing a white or brown residue.
Behavioral signs of opioid abuse and addiction include deceptive behavior, mood swings, changes in behavior, changes in sleeping patterns, incoherent speech, worsening performance at school or work, lack of motivation, lack of interest in hobbies and activities, and hostile behavior toward loved ones.
Heroin can either be smoked or injected, with most long-term users injecting the drug intravenously to get the most intense effect. This drug is often said to produce a more intense sense of euphoria that other opioid drugs when injected, possibly due to the existence of 6-monoacetylmorphine, a metabolite unique to heroin.
Many of the adverse effects associated with this drug use are due to the means of administration, with non-sterile needles and syringes often leading to abscesses, decreased kidney function, and the risk of contracting blood-borne pathogens and bacterial or fungal endocarditis. While many countries around the world have started funding sterile needle programs, the availability of clean injecting equipment is still a problem in many parts of the world.
Drug treatment centers are able to manage the withdrawal syndrome and direct patients toward behavioral therapy and relapse prevention programs. It is extremely difficult trying to stop using this drug by yourself, with external medication and support normally required.
From the initial stages of intervention and medical detox through to the later stages of therapy and counseling, drug treatment centers are available to help people deal with every aspect of heroin withdrawal and recovery. Call Alcohol Treatment Centers Fort Wayne at (260) 247-3906 for help today.